Monday, July 5, 2010

Environment and natural

Indonesian From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Environment is a combination of physical conditions that include a state of natural resources such as land, water, solar energy, minerals, and flora and fauna that grow above ground and in the ocean, with institutions that include human creations such as decisions on how to use the physical environment.

Environment consists of abiotic and biotic components. Abiotic components are all that is not inanimate, such as land, air, water, climate, humidity, light, sound. While the biotic components are all things that animate such as plants, animals, humans and micro-organisms (viruses and bacteria).

Science is the science which studies the environmental or ecological environment. Environmental sciences are branches of biology.
[Edit] The concept of environment in Indonesia

Environment, in Indonesia often called "the environment". For example in Act no. 23 years in 1997 on Environmental Management, Environmental definition is unity with all things space, power, circumstances, and living creatures, including humans, and its behavior, which affects the livelihood and sustainability of human welfare as well as other living creatures.
[Edit] Institutional

By institution in Indonesia, the agency that regulates environmental issues is the Ministry of Environment (formerly: Minister of State for Population and Environment) and in the regions or provinces are Bapedal. While in the United States is the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency).

philosophia naturalis

Natural philosophy (from the Latin philosophia naturalist) is a term attached to the assessment of natural and physical universe once dominant before the development of modern science. Natural philosophy is seen as a precursor to the natural sciences such as physics.

Forms of science historically developed out of philosophy, or more specifically natural philosophy. At the universities of older, Chair-Chair of Natural Philosophy now well-established largely controlled by teachers of physics. Note modern science and scientists refer to the 19th century (Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary writes that the origin of the word "scientist" is from the year 1834). Previously, the word "science" simply means the degree of knowledge and scientists has not been written. Isaac Newton's scientific work from the year 1687 known as PhilosophiƦ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

Earth Science (UK: earth science, geoscience) is a term for a collection of branches of science that studies the earth. This branch of science using a combination of physical science, geography, mathematics, chemistry and biology to establish a quantitative understanding of the layers of the earth.

In conducting its study, scientists in this field using the scientific method, namely the formulation of hypotheses through observation and gathering data about natural phenomena that continue to test these hypotheses. In earth science, a very important role in examining the data and form a hypothesis.

Nature is all matter and energy, especially in the form of its essence. Nature is the subject of scientific study. In scale, "nature" including everything from the subatomic universe. This includes all things animal, plant, and mineral, all natural resources and events (hurrikan, tornadoes, earthquakes). Also includes live animal behavior, and processes associated with inanimate objects.

natural sanrise

Sun or Surya is also called (from the name of god "Surya" - the sun god in the Hindu belief) is the nearest star to Earth with an average distance of 149.68 million kilometers (93,026,724 miles). The sun and the eight planets (which is already known / discovered by humans) to form the Solar System. The sun is categorized as a small star type

Illustration of the structure of the sun

The sun is a ball of incandescent gas and it did not completely spherical. Sun has the equator and poles since the rotational motion. Diameter ekuatorialnya 864 000 miles, while the middle line between the poles 43 miles shorter. The Sun is a member of the largest solar system, because 98% of the mass collected on the sun of the Solar System.

Besides being a center of circulation, the sun is also a central source of energy in the solar neighborhood. The sun's core and consists of three layers of skin, each photosphere, chromosphere and corona. To continue to shine, the sun, which consists of hot gas exchange substances with the substance of hydrogen helium through nuclear fusion reactions at levels of 600 million tonnes, with the loss of four million tons of mass each time.

The sun is believed to form at 4.6 billion years ago. Density of 1.41 solar masses is proportional to the mass of water. Total solar energy reaching the Earth's surface that are recognized as the solar constant equals 1370 watts per square meter at any time. The sun as the center of the Solar System is the second-generation star. Materials from the sun formed from the explosion of the first generation of stars like that are believed by scientists, that the universe was created by the big bang explosion about 14 000 million years ago.

Natural Knowledge

Knowledge is information or intimation of known or recognized by someone. Knowledge including, but not limited to the description, hypothesis, concepts, theories, principles and procedures that Bayesian probability is true or useful.

In another sense, knowledge is encountered and the various symptoms of human acquired through observation akal.Pengetahuan arises when a person uses his mind to recognize certain objects or events that have never seen or felt before. For example when someone tasting a new dish that he knew, he will gain knowledge about the shape, taste and aroma of these dishes.

Knowledge which emphasizes observation and sensory experience or empirical knowledge is known as a posteriori knowledge. This knowledge can be obtained by making observations and observations made empirically and rationally. Empirical knowledge can also be developed into descriptive knowledge if one can describe and illustrate all the characteristics, traits, and symptoms that existed at the empirical object. Empirical knowledge can also be obtained through personal experience that occurred repeatedly humans. For example, someone who is often chosen to lead the organization itself will gain knowledge of organizational management.

In addition to empirical knowledge, some knowledge gained through reason which later became known as rationalism. Rationalism emphasizes the character of a priori knowledge; no emphasis on experience. For example the knowledge of mathematics. In mathematics, the result of 1 + 1 = 2 is not obtained through experience or empirical observation, but through a logical reason.

Knowledge of health and illness is an experience of a person of good health and pain of someone that causes a person to act to overcome the problem of pain and act to preserve her health or even improve their health status. The pain will cause a person to act passive and or active with stage-step.

One's knowledge is influenced by several factors, including:

* Education

Education "is a process of changing attitudes and ethical behavior as well as a person or group of mature people through teaching and training efforts, then obviously we can kerucutkan an educational vision that is educating people.

* Media

Media that are specifically designed to reach a very wide community. So an example of the mass media is television, radio, newspapers, and magazines.

* Exposure informsi

understanding of information by Oxfoord Home Dictionary, is "that of Which one is apprised or Told: intelligence, news". Another dictionary states that information is something that can be known. But there is also emphasizing the information as knowledge transfer. In addition the term information also has other meanings as defined by the bill to mean the information technology as a technique to collect, prepare, store, manipulate, publish, analyze, and disseminate information with a specific purpose. While the information itself include data, text, images, sounds, codes, computer programs, databases. The big difference in the definition because the information is essentially information can not be described (intangible), while the information was encountered in everyday life, obtained from data and observations on the world around us and forwarded through the communication

Idea or an idea is a term used both in popular and in the field of philosophy with common sense "mental image" or "understanding". Especially Plato is thinking like this exponent.

The idea led to the emergence of the concept, which is the basis for all kinds of knowledge, both science and philosophy.

Now many people believe that the idea is an intellectual property such as copyright or patent.

In biology, a plant refers to organisms belonging to the Regnum Plantae. In it went all the most common organisms known as trees, shrubs, herb, grass, ferns, mosses, and a number of green algae. Carrying around 350,000 species of organisms including, excluding the green algae. Of that total, 258 650 species are flowering plants and 18 000 plant species of moss. Almost all members are autotrof plants, and derives its energy directly from sunlight through photosynthesis. Because the green color is very dominant on the members of this kingdom, another name used is Viridiplantae (green plants "). Other names are Metaphyta.

Natural Observation

Observation is an activity undertaken intelligent creatures, with the intention to feel and then understand the knowledge of a phenomenon based on knowledge and ideas that have been previously known.

Biological sciences and astronomy have historical basis in observations by amateurs.

The person performing the observation referred to the observer.

The phenomenon of the Greek language; phainomenon, "what is visible", in the Indonesian language could mean that:

1. symptoms, such natural phenomena
2. things that are perceived by the senses
3. things mystical or occult
4. facts, facts, events

Adjectival derivative of the word, phenomenal, means: "something extraordinary".

Some of the phenomena encountered

1. UFO
2. Tunguska
3. Smoketrail

Natural history

Natural history is the scientific research on plants and animals, more toward the learning methods rather than experimental observations, and include more study published in the magazine than an academic journal, so this term is considered ancient among the scientific community due to the scientific revolution. A person who is an expert in the field of natural history called a naturalist.

The roots of natural history can be tracked from the time of Aristotle and other classical philosophers who analyze the diversity of the natural world. When Europe entered the Middle Ages, natural history developed in the Islamic world by scientists such as al-Jahizh, ad-Dinawari, Ibn al-Baithar, etc.. In the Renaissance, began to note the number of organisms that began to pave the way for the taxonomy, culminating in a system developed by Carolus Linnaeus of Sweden.